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Hajj to Makkah and Umrah

Hajj – a pilgrimage to Makkah – is the fifth pillar of Islam and is prescribed for every Muslim who has financial and physical capabilities for this. Its time falls on the first 10 days of the lunar month Zul-Hijja. The end of the Hajj ends with the holiday of Eid al-Adha (Eid al-Adha in Arabic), which is celebrated by all Muslims of the world.

Who is required to perform the Hajj

Every sane Muslim adult and Muslim woman should aspire to perform the Hajj. But it becomes mandatory if several conditions are present:
  • Maturity.
  • Sanity.
  • The physical ability to make a pilgrimage.
  • A financial opportunity to travel and leave funds to meet the needs of his family (those for whom he is responsible).
  • No debt obligations.
  • Women must be accompanied by their husbands, fathers or other male guardians.
If a Muslim has wealth, but is physically unable to perform the rituals of the Hajj, then he can send an authorized person in his place to perform it.

Forbidden actions in the Hajj

To perform pilgrimage rituals, one must be in ihram, which is a special state of detachment from worldly concerns. And also wear special white clothing, also called ihram, made of two strips of material that are not sewn together. The Hajj is required to follow the rules below. The one who performs the Hajj cannot:
  • Enter into a spousal relationship;
  • Shave, cut hair, nails;
  • Wear a hat. But you can use the umbrella by holding it in your hand.
  • Use perfume, aromatic oils;
  • Kill, hunt someone;
  • Fight, argue, use foul language;
  • Women should keep their faces open, even if they cover them in everyday life;
  • Men cannot wear tailored clothes.

Hajj conditions

To perform the Hajj, several mandatory actions (fard) are required:
  • Being in ihram;
  • Tawaf – detour around the Kaaba;
  • Running between the heights of Safa and Marwa;
  • Stay on Mount Arafat;
Hair cutting or shaving after the sacrifice

Al-Masjid al-Haram (translated from Arabic – Forbidden Mosque) is the main Muslim temple, the largest in the world. Located in the city of Makkahin western Saudi Arabia, about 100 km from the Red Sea. It is a center of pilgrimage for Muslims. Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter Makkah. The Al-Haram Mosque is located in the heart of Makkah.